THE SYNONYMOUS WORDS USED FOR SIN, WICKEDNESS,

EVIL, UNGODLINESS, DISOBEDIENCE, TRANSGRESSION, ETC.

This Is Appendix 128 From The Companion Bible.

BY:  E. W. BULLINGER

SIN

The Verb.

   hamartano = to miss the mark of aim; then, to miss or wander from the right path; to go, or do wrong.

The Noun.

harmartia = a failing to hit the mark; aberration from prescribed law (connected with and resulting from the above). In New Testament always in a moral sense = a sin, whether by omission or commission, in thought, word or deed. Also used in connection with the sin-offering (Hebrews 10:6, 8, 18; 13:11, as in Psalm 40:6, compare Leviticus 5:8).

harmartema = the actual sin. The evil principle in action; the sinful act or deed.

paratoma = a falling aside, when one should have stood upright. Hence (morally) a fall, a falling aside, from truth and equity; a fault, or trespass.

In Romans 5:12, Number 1 entered the world. The disobedience of Adam (verses 15,17,18) was Number 3, and the law entered that Number 3 which before was error, might become criminal in the knowledge of the sinner. After this, where Number 1 abounded, grace did much more abound.

WICKEDNESS

poneria = depravity; iniquity, the wicked acting of the evil nature. See Number III. 1. below.

kakia = depravity, the vicious disposition and desires, rather than the active exercise of them, which is Number 1 (poneria).

EVIL

(Adj. and Noun).

poneros = full of labours and pains in working mischief; evil intent (Matthew 12:39. Luke 11:29); grudging, in connection with the idea expressed in the “evil eye” (Matthew 6:23; 20:15. See the context, and compare Luke 11:13).

kakos = depraved, bad in nature. Compare Number II. 2.

anomos = lawless, contempt of law.

anomia = lawlessness.

athesmos = breaking through all restraints of ordinances of institutes, divine or human to gratify one’s lusts. Occurs only in 2 Peter 2:7; 3:17.

UNGODLINESS.

asebeia = impiety, absence of “the fear of God”, having no reverence for sacred things; irreligious. Septuagint for pasha’. Appendix 44. ix.

DISOBEDIENCE, ETC.

apeitheia = unwillingness to be persuaded, leading to obstinacy.

parakoe = unwillingness to hear, disobedient.

TRANSGRESS, TRANSGRESSOR.

parabaino = to step on one side, overstep, go aside from, violate, transgress.

parerchomai = to go past, pass by, neglect.

parabates, = one who steps aside, or oversteps.

INIQUITY.

adikia = unrighteousness, wrongdoing.

adikema = a wrong done.

paranomia = acting contrary to law or custom. Occ. only in 2 Peter 2:16.

ERR, ERROR.

planao = to cause to wander or go astray; used of doctrinal error and religious deceit. Compare planos (1 Timothy 4:1, “seducing”).

apoplanao. = Number 1 with apo = away from, prefixed (Appendix 104. iv). In Pass., to go astray from, swerve. Occ. only in Mark 13:22 and 1 Timothy 6:10.

astocheo = to deviate from. Occ. only in 1 Timothy 1:6; 6:21. 2 Timothy 2:18.

FAULT.

hettema = a diminishing of that which should have been rendered in full measure; diminution, decrease. Occ. in Romans 11:12 and 1 Corinthians 6:7. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SYNONYMOUS WORDS FOR SIN, WICKEDNESS, EVIL, UNGODLINESS, ETC. [E. W. Bullinger]          1

 

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