JONATHAN (Type 1 and 2)







Saul had his eye on David. After David showed his valor in the face of Goliath, Saul just had to make him part of his house. “Saul took him that day and would not let him go home to his father’s house anymore.” (I Sam. 18:2) David had no idea what this all entailed, but he knew that he had to follow through, one day at a time.

Saul was a troubled man, but God had made David a man of many talents. He could sing and play his little harp. He could write songs that were soothing to the savage breast of Saul. David was also a fierce warrior and wrought many victories in the name of the Lord his God, but most of all, David loved God with all his heart; he was a treasure in the courts of Saul.

It was because of David’s anointing that an evil spirit rose up in Saul and began attacking him. “Therefore, when Saul saw that he behaved very wisely, he was afraid of him. But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.” (Vs.15-16)

When Saul recognized that David’s wisdom and anointing were much greater than his own were, David became a real threat to the throne. An insane fear and jealousy erupted in Saul and became an ominous danger to David’s life. This is the warfare of the ages.

As we walk in David’s shoes, we encounter the evil spirits of the “Sauls” that feel threatened by God’s true anointing. This evil may not be detected at first, but as one walks in David’s shoes, the Saul that they serve will surely rise up against them and eventually find a cunning way to squeeze them out of the fold.

There was a time when my husband and I were sent to pastor a little group of very dear people. The group was under the covering of an apostolic minister who traveled a lot; his headquarters were in another state and he was very happy to have this “little woman,” as he called me, teach the people and care for this little flock that was especially precious to him. He had led them to the Lord and they loved him; they generously supported his ministry.

He called himself an “old fashioned preacher,” and he was just that. He was very “Pentecostal,” and there were many similarities in our teaching of the Word. However, when realized how much the people loved us, a deadly resentment rose up in his heart. He quickly and boldly attempted to belittle me, but right away, his attempts met up with the outrage of the people as they came to our defense. After that incident, he knew to leave things alone.

We had never expected to be in such a situation but my husband and I were certain that the Lord had sent us there so we did not question this outcome. In our hearts, we thought that after two or three weeks, or after we taught that there is no literal rapture and that the Holy City is not paved with literal gold bullions bars, we would be asked to leave. As it turned out, the people loved the Word and we taught there sixteen years.

One night, I had this dream. “Michael and I are lying on a bed with one of these precious people. She is one of the most generous supporters of that man’s ministry. I am looking around the ceiling and see a narrow shelf along the top of the entire width of the room. On top of it is a huge anaconda snake stretched out on the entire length of the shelf. It is asleep but I know that it is watching us. I am careful to not make any move that would disturb it.”

I knew that the Lord was saying that as long as the people were for us (in bed with us), the snake would not rise up against us. We knew that as long as we never said anything derogative against this minister, or stir up anyone to take side, the snake would remain asleep. But it was watching and ready to make its move at first opportunity. An anaconda is a constrictor; it squeezes its prey to death before it devours it. This man had the power to squeeze us out.

The “Saul” ministries are not motivated by the will of God; they are moved by whatever benefits their own ministries. When they are threatened, they rise up as serpents to attack.

We never told the people about our spiritual warfare, but the Lord spoke to some of them by dreams and gave them an idea. We were always very polite and respectful to this man and his ministers, but we neither bowed to their ways nor changed an iota of the word that the Lord had given us for this people. Because of the people’s love for us and for the word, the squeeze never happened. It was only when God had finished the work that we were released. The people were sorry to see us leave, but it was God who brought us there, and God who took us out.

This was the position of David, and it is pretty much the same for those who are walking in the same shoes. An evil spirit of Saul is always lurking behind the scene, waiting to pounce upon the anointed ones. The threat is very real. The throne is at stake and the devil knows that his time is short.


We have all experienced the wrath of the Saul “out there,” but that was only the tip of the iceberg. As soon as God brings us out of those circles, we are faced with a Saul that is much more subtle and difficult to deal with. I remember when God finally took us out of our denominations, our nondenominations and our splinter groups, we sat at our kitchen table and praised the Lord because now we were free of all denominations!! No more bondage for us!! As soon as these words were out of our mouths, we heard the Lord say, “So now you are a denomination all by yourselves!”

It took a long season of trials and testing by the Holy Spirit to bring me to the understanding that our strongest battle was not the one we fought against the Saul “out there”; our strongest enemy was the Saul in us who still wanted to do it his way. This was the other Saul that the Lord wanted us to recognize. God kept sending us to the Sauls “out there” in order to reveal the Saul within.

One of the greatest revelations of all is that “it is through the Saul out there that we are able to meet the Saul within.” This is the only way the Saul within can be recognized and exposed.

It was in Saul’s house that David learned submission to God. At the time, David may have thought that he was submitting to Saul, but the truth is that God had David in Saul’s house to teach him how to submit to God. This is a good lesson for all of us in our circumstances. When we recognize that God creates the situation in the first place, then we know that we are submitting to Him and not to another.


(Type one)

We all know someone who loves the Lord and receives His word yet chooses to remain faithful to Saul and cling to the religious systems. This is a true type of Jonathan. I remember a dream that I had when the Lord separated us from a certain group of people. In the dream, “I was walking along a river of swift running water. On either side of the river, was a covered path. I was walking on that path while some were swimming in the strong currents of the river. We were all going in the same direction and our goal was the same, but some had to walk on the covered path while others had to swim up the swift currents.” (End of dream)

The interpretation of the dream is obvious yet it took years before I could apply it to my own life. It is evident that although God’s called out people are all moving in the same direction, not all follow the same method of getting there. There are those who walk in David’s shoes and stir clear of mainstream religions, and there are those who embrace mainstreams and swim up the currents like Jonathan.  Each must accomplish their course.


(Type two)

There is yet another type for Jonathan that is even closer to our hearts. As soon as David entered Saul’s dominion, he was approached by a man who had nothing but love for him. “And it was so, when he had finished speaking to Saul that the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.” Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. And Jonathan took off the robe that was upon him and gave it to David, with his armor, even to his sword and his bow and his belt. (I Sam. 18:1, 3, 4)

The one we meet in Saul’s house – the one who clings to our soul and loves David with a love greater than human love, is our redeemed soul who clings to David and will not let him go. Jonathan is a type of the soul that repented from sins and turned all of its defenses, self preservation and security (armor and sword), its natural beauty and educated ways of reasoning (robe), its survival weapons, ways to provide for itself by hunting and competing, (bow and belt) over to the true Spirit of God.

Jonathan represents the soul who truly falls in love with the Christ, but is still tied to the Saul who taught her the word of God and clothed her with scarlet (the blood of Jesus). Although she still respects Saul and clings to many of his ways, her true allegiance is to David.

Jonathan is as the Shulamite of Song of Songs, who yearns day and night for her beloved while she dwells in the king’s palace. Jonathan is our new redeemed soul who wants to be one with David even though she remains tied to the ways of Saul. The soul of Jonathan became KNIT with the soul of David. This means that they became one fabric that could never be separated.

The name Jonathan means “God given,” and our new soul is God’s gift to us. Jesus paid the price of redemption for her by His own blood on the cross. This brings me to a word that the Lord dropped into my heart recently.


How we loved to sing the old song over and over again, “There is power, power, wonder-working power, in the blood of the Lamb.” I have always felt the importance of the blood of Jesus in salvation, as I am sure most have, and I have desired to know more about its meaning. Over the years, I have heard sermons and read books concerning its meaning. I have meditated and sought the Lord about it, but it was only recently that it all came together for me.

Recently, I was talking with a friend who quoted the Scripture, “For the life of the flesh is in the blood.” We agreed that the life of the flesh is not the blood, but it is “in” the blood. Then he mentioned that it was when God breathed the breath of life into Adam’s nostrils that he became a LIVING SOUL. It was then that God’s life entered the blood of the flesh and gave life to Adam’s flesh body. I could see that my friend was very excited and had seen something new, but at the time, I received the truth of it but failed to get the quickening revelation.

It was a few weeks later that the light dawned on me. The breath of life that God blew into Adam was the life of the flesh. The blood became more than a chemical formula; it contained the power of life. When God blew His life into Adam, he became a “living soul.” A soul is not only the invisible mind and identity of a man; it is also his body. We know that in order to have life, a soul has to have a body. A soul without a body is in torment. This is why Jesus has purchased a new body for our souls; this is our redemption.

The breath of life that God imparted to Adam was the life in the blood of the flesh in the body of Adam. Then the Lord spoke this to me, “when Jesus came back in His resurrection body, He commissioned His disciples and told them to be at peace. “And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them ‘RECEIVE THE HOLY SPIRIT.” (Jn. 20:22)

Just as God had breathed upon Adam the life of the flesh and he became a living soul, He breathed upon the disciples the life of the Christ and a body of glory came into life. Only it was only the “down payment.”

With this new breath of life, God’s Holy Spirit, they received the promise of the body of glory that Jesus had acquired for them. The Holy Spirit is the “earnest of our inheritance,” that is our new bodies.”… having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His glory.” (Eph. 1:13a-14)

From that time on, His Spirit quickens us from glory to glory and each quickening brings us a step closer to our full inheritance in Christ. God’s Holy Spirit in our lives is indeed a vital step toward the body of our resurrection. This is the saving of our souls.


There came a day during King Saul’s reign, when Samuel came with shocking news from the Lord “Because you have rejected the word of the Lord, He also has rejected you from being king.” (I Sam. 15:23b)

This was indeed a hard pill to swallow. Just imagine that after God has chosen anyone of us to become kings and priests and rule and reign with Christ, the Word of the Lord comes to us and declares, “God has rejected you from being king, from now on, and you will no longer find favor or power with God!” That would be devastating news. Basically, this is what had happened to Saul.

Saul was quick to defend his position. “Saul said to Samuel, ‘But I have obeyed the voice of the Lord, and gone on the mission on which the Lord sent me and brought back Agag king of Amalek; I have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. But the people took of the plunder, sheep and oxen, the best of the things which should have been destroyed, to sacrifice to the Lord your God in Gilgal.” (I Sam. 15:20-21) Saul had all kinds of good reasons or excuses for his actions. He tried to shift the blame to the people, but none of his tactics worked; the Word remained the same, “God has rejected you!”

If we analyze the situation, we may find that the problem was “greed” and “pride” in Saul’s heart. Samuel described the problem in a nutshell, “Because you have rejected the word of the Lord, He also has rejected you from being king.” This was disobedience and Samuel compared it as “rebellion which is as the sin of witchcraft. And stubbornness which is as iniquity and idolatry.” These are strong words, but it was clearly the reason that Saul was rejected of God! It is better to never hear God, than to hear Him and reject His word.

One day the Pharisees accused Jesus of casting out devils by Beelzebub. He explained, “Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men. Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.” (Matt. 12:31-32)

This is definitely one of the strongest words uttered by our Lord. This was the situation that Saul had put himself in; try as he may, he could not find his way back to forgiveness with God. “And as Samuel turned around to go away, Saul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore. So Samuel said to him, ‘The Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you.” It was then that Saul “I have sinned; yet honor me now, please…(I Sam. 15:27, 28, 30a)

Saul was one of God’s anointed yet he had sinned against the living Word of the Lord. There was absolutely no way back for him. He would never again be restored to his kingship. He may be saved by in his nakedness by the blood of Jesus, but he would never again rule and reign in his first calling.

It was to the chief priests and the elders of the people that Jesus said, “Did you never read in the Scriptures: ‘The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone. This was the Lord’s doing. And it is marvelous in our eyes? Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it.” (Matt. 21:42-43)

These were the same words that Samuel spoke to Saul, only Jesus spoke them to the leaders of Israel. Be not surprised that the same words are echoing in the chambers of Babylon the Great today. The mother of harlots sits ruling over many waters (people). She has taken the glory of God unto herself and has led the people down a deceiving path. She has committed the unpardonable sin.

At this point one may ask about the sin of David. After all, the man after God’s own heart certainly proved that he was not lily white. It was when David was king that he sinned with Bathsheba, and he compounded the sin by having her husband killed so he would be free to take her as his wife.  This is certainly a very grave trespass of God’s Law and David repented and wept bitterly before the Lord, but the first son of that union died.

There is a great difference between the sin of Saul and the sin of David. DAVID COMMITTED ADULTERY IN THE FLESH WHILE SAUL COMMITTED ADULTERY IN THE SPIRIT. David paid a heavy price for his sin but he was not rejected as king. David’s sons turned out to be a great heartache for him; this must have been very hard on David.

But worst of all, his sin and shame were forever published for every one to read about, even down to our day! However, David kept his honor before God. David not only kept God’s word, he loved God’s word and welcomed it in his heart. Saul tried to finagle out of it as best he could. This is a sin against the Holy Spirit.

By the same token, most leaders of the church have totally ignored the truth that Jesus is alive and that His Holy Spirit indwells His people. They call themselves by His name yet they reject Him who is alive and debate and feud about the written word.

From the Catholic to the Protestant church, from the Pentecostal to the Charismatic, Independent moves and splinter groups as well, all have set aside the Living Word of the Holy Spirit and stubbornly held on to their creeds. Because they wanted to please the people, they did not purify themselves by the Word of the Holy Spirit, and they kept that which they deemed profitable. This is very similar to the sin of Saul.

The problem that the church has with the Word of God’s Holy Spirit, is that it purifies and cleanses from the works of the flesh that are deeply imbedded within the souls. Their works try to manipulate God in order to receive honor from men. Peter taught, “Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit…” (I Pet.1:22a)

It is only when the Spirit speaks to us and reveals the truth about the condition of our souls, that we have the opportunity to obey His voice so that our souls are purified. We are not purified by water baptism, and our prayers and sincere repentance alone do not cleanse our souls. This can only be done as the Holy Spirit works in our lives.

This is all a part of our walk with the Lord. One may have dreams or hear a word from the Lord, but if the is not applied first to our own souls, we are placed in jeopardy.

Our purification is not achieved through the ministry of anyone who professes to know our faults and airs our dirty laundry. Our purification can only come by the truth that the Holy Spirit speaks to us.


David was not a coward; he was a man after God’s own heart. He had fearlessly confronted the lion and the bear, the giant and thousands of Philistines, but when Saul threatened his life, David did not confront him – he fled.

David respected and loved Saul. He knew that God had chosen him and anointed him to be king. So David did not react to Saul’s sudden mood swings and strange behavior, instead he just ran away and for thirteen years he hid in caves living like a fugitive.

It was during these years of fleeing before Saul that David’s heart for God was passed through the test. It was during that time that God separated those who were faithful to David from those who would follow Saul.

One day, Gad the prophet directed David to flee to the cave of Adullam and hide in the forest. Saul having heard that many had joined themselves to David said to his servants, “Hear now, you Benjamites! Will the son of Jesse give everyone of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds?” (I Sam. 22:7)

Saul used the “You’ll regret this” tactic, and dangled the carrot in front of their noses. How many times have felt the pull to return to the order left behind? How many who bravely left their comfortable and reputable “pastorship” or “deaconship” have later reconsidered and gone back? There is a cost. Reputation, approval of families, and often livelihoods are on the line. There is indeed a tasty carrot dangling in front of our noses.

Saul also used the “Feel sorry for me” tactic. He pointed the finger at those who had left him accusing them of having conspired against him and being traitors at heart. This may sound familiar to some of us. It is easy for those left behind to accuse those who have been separated of having lost their courage and conviction and of being backsliders.

These are tactics that old order Saul uses to pile up guilt upon those who have an obedient heart. However, because there is something in all of us that wants to please man and be accepted by those in power, this humiliation is all part of God testing us.

Another extremely important lesson to learn in David’s shoes is that he never retaliated nor did he lift a hand or a word to hurt Saul, even when he had the opportunity. It was when David heard about the deaths of Saul and Jonathan that his heart was exposed and bared to the utmost.

On that dark day, a young Amalekite came running up to David with the “exciting” news of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths, knowing that they had caused much trouble to David, he proudly blurted out, “So I stood over him and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live after he had fallen. And I took the crown that was on his head and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them here to my lord.” (II Sam. 1:10)

Just imagine the shock of this young man when after he boastfully told him the “good news,” David “…took hold of his own clothes and tore them, and so did all the men who were with him. And they mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and Jonathan his son, for the people of the Lord and for the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.” (Vs.11-12)

This Amalekite had been so proud to bring the news of Saul’s death to David and he expected a great reward. Instead David said to him, “How was it you were not afraid to put forth your hand to destroy the Lord’s anointed? Then David called one of the young men and said, ‘Go near, and execute him!’ And he struck him so that he died.” (Vs.14-15) This was his reward for killing Saul and taking his crown and bracelet. “You live by the sword, you die by the sword.”

In order to separate us from the Saul of the denominations that brought us up, the Lord did not spare us. He showed us that their filthy spiritual condition was hidden behind the beautiful facade that we thought was God. He wanted us to be aware of what we were leaving behind, and have no regrets. However, this must not cause us to harbor bitterness and to become malicious and spiteful against those we once called our friends. Such actions breed spiritual death in our lives and will cause us to lose our connection with the Spirit of God.

When Jesus told Jerusalem that she had missed her visitation, He was firm but not abrupt or harsh with her. Instead, He expressed all the love that He had for her. He said, “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, how often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings but you were not willing!” (Matt. 23:37b)


After all that Saul had done to him, it would have been human for David to be bitter. Instead, he sat down and poured his heart out as he wrote a funeral ode for Saul and Jonathan. David did not judge Saul’s behavior with the eyes of his ego; he knew that God had chosen him and respected that. David’s ode truly expresses the very heart of God.

David wanted this song to be taught to the generations to come; he wanted to squash all rumors that history might record about Saul and he desired that they remembered him for his greatness. He called it “The Song of the Bow,” possibly because he felt that Saul had been God’s instrument of war to defeat Israel’s enemies and establish His kingdom in the earth, or perhaps in memory of his dear Jonathan.  This song is one of the most beautiful passages of our Bible.

“Then David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son, and he told them to teach the children of Judah the Song of the Bow; indeed it is written in the Book of Jasher:

“The beauty of Israel is slain on your high places!

How the mighty have fallen!

Tell it not in Gath, proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon

Lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice,

Lest the daughters of the uncircumcized triumph.

O mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew,

nor let there be rain upon you,

nor your fields of offerings.

For the shield of the mighty is cast away there!

The shield of Saul not anointed with oil.

From the blood of the slain,

from the fat of the mighty

the bow of Jonathan did not turn back,

and the sword of Saul did not return empty.

Saul and Jonathan were beloved and pleasant in their lives. And in their death they were not divided; They were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions. O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul who clothed you in scarlet, with luxury; who put ornaments of gold on your apparel. How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle! Jonathan was slain in your high places. I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan; you have been very pleasant to me; your love to me was wonderful, surpassing the love of women. How the mighty have fallen, and the weapons of war perished!” (II Sam. 1:17-27)


On his deathbed, David speaks of those who had joined themselves to him and stuck with him through thick and thin. They are called David’s mighty men, because of their valiant acts, but as men judge, they were anything but mighty. Paul wrote to the church that not “…many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called. But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things which are mighty; and the base things of the world and the things which are despised God has chosen, and the things which are not, to bring to nothing the things that are, that no flesh should glory in His presence.” (I Cor.1:26-29)

With this in mind, we can be sure that David did not attract anyone with earthly ambitions. None of his followers desired to be promoted and admired by man’s standards. These men and their battles could easily be a type of the virtues that arise within each of God’s called out ones as they face the enemies that arise along the way.

Thirty were chiefs among them. Thirty is the number that denotes maturity. David was thirty went he ascended to the throne. David recalls a few of these. There was one they called Adino because he killed eight hundred men at one time. He was a fearless man who did not look at the circumstance and the impossibility of the moment. He trusted God and knew what he had to do. He moved to action just as David did in front of Goliath when all Israel had retreated.

As we walk in David’s shoes, we are faced with circumstances that seem impossible to surmount. However, if we look with the eyes and heart of God, we are fearless because we know that we know that death itself has been defeated and that although we lose this earthly life, we continue to live forever more. “Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.” (Heb. 2:14-15) This is powerful.

As long as we are afraid to die, we tremble in front of the enemies that threaten our lives. But when we know that Jesus truly defeated death, we no longer fear death and we are released from that bondage. From that day forward, we no longer consider the possibilities of death; we only consider the Lord’s will. This is what Adino teaches us. As he walked with David, he was fearless even in the face of seemingly invincible odds.

David also spoke of Eleazar the son of Dodo. He attacked the Philistines until his hand stuck to the sword. This man did not let anything take him away from his goal. He did not think it over and change his mind. He did not second-guess the Word and the calling that He had received from God. He knew his calling and he never tired, he never quit, he never gave up. He was going to finish what he had been called to do. This also is a quality that is worked into anyone who walks in David’s shoes.

While the ministers that we have followed have taught us to hear their own voices, our Father takes us through many trials to teach us to discern His voice. He has equipped us with His Holy Spirit as the perfect witness that will not lead us astray. This true witness teaches us to trust Him and never waver. He confirms the Word to our hearts so that we know that we have heard from Him. With that, we can move forward and defeat all the enemies of fear and doubts.

There was Shammah the son of Agee who defended the field of lentils and would not let the Philistines repossess that which he had already won. This is a most valuable virtue, for when we win a victory, the foe comes right behind to take it away from us. It takes an enduring to the end and a heart that will not faint to withstand the enemy that wants to take us back where we were before.

Of all these valiant men, three were very special to David. It all happened when they were holed up in a cave and the Philistines were encamped in Bethlehem, David’s hometown. With a sigh of longing, David exclaimed, “Oh, that someone would give me a drink of the water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!” (II Sam. 23:15)

The three valiant men heard him and with hearts filled with love and loyalty they …”broke through the camp of the Philistines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David. Nevertheless, he would not drink it, but poured it out to the Lord.” (Vs.16)

David had so much respect for these three men who had risked their lives for him that he would not drink the water he had so desired. Instead, he offered it unto God. This was more than an offering of water; it was an offering of blood. It was so precious that it was worthy to be offered unto God Almighty.

Jesus said, “Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one’s life for his friend.” (Jn. 15:13) It was because God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son. It was because the Son so loved His Father that He laid down His life for His friends.

The moment that David received the water from these devoted men, he was no longer their Commander in Chief; he was their brother. This totally changed their relationship. Jesus is longing for this water of life from the wells of the House of Bread (Bethlehem).

This well is within each one who has received His Holy Spirit and can draw from the well within. But to acquire it, we must push through the camp of the Philistines, through the camp of the carnal mind and all its carnal traditions and ideals, and be willing to lay down our own lives.

He longs to receive each one as an offering unto the Father. This offering can only be attained with pure love and devotion for Him. May with join with David in his prayer and dedication, “Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a steadfast (right) spirit within me.” (Psa. 51:10)

Because of His love,






WALKING IN DAVID’S SHOES, PART 2 [Jackie Caporaso]         1


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